Dictionary: letter S


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sail through pass [sail through, Sail through something] (insep) (bill, exam, examination, legislation, proposal, test) Pass something easily. Breeze through, sweep through, walk through scrape through something es:pasar sin dificultad

scare away [scare somebody away, scare something away] (dog, bird) Make somebody or something leave using fear. frighten away, scare off es:espantar

scare off scare away

scratch out [scratch something out] (existence, living, income) Try hard to make a living, usually with little money or food. eke out es:ganarse la vida, sobrevivir

screw up [screw up, screw something up] Spoil or ruin something. mess up es:arruinar, joder

seal off block [seal something off] (area, street) Block something. cordon off, cut off es:acordonar

sell out (concert, tickets) Sell something until it's finished. es:agotarse

see off 1 [see somebody off] Go to the airport, station, etc. to say good-bye to somebody. wave off es:despedir

2 [see somebody off, see something off] (attack, opponent, opposition, challenger) Deal with some kind of danger and defeat it. es:correr

see through 1 [see something through] (job, project) Make sure something is completed successfully. es:llevar a cabo

1 [see through somebody] (insep) Be able to clearly see what somebody's intentions are and not be deceived. es:calar, adivinar la intención

send in [send something in] (application, donation, request, entry, coupon, article, report, order) Send something somewhere so that it's dealt with it officially. es:enviar

serve out [serve something out] (sentence, term) Do something until the end of a fixed period. es:servir

set aside 1 [set something aside] (food, money, time) Save something so it can be used later. put aside es:reservar, ahorrar

2 [set something aside] (differences, ego, pride) Stop considering something. put aside es:dejar de lado

set back 1 cost [set somebody back] Cost a certain amount of money. knock back es:costar

2 hinder [set somebody back] Delay progress in what you're doing. hold back es:retrasar

set in (insep) (darkness, dispair, fear, infection, panick, rain, reality, winter) Start and continue for some time. es:meterse

set off (insep) Start a journey. set out es:partir

Set out (insep) set off

set up [set something up] (committee, commission, investigation, public enquiry, fund, business, company, organization, system) Start something. es:montar, organizar

idiom set up house When you set up house, you start your own home. idiom set up shop When you set up shop, you start a business.

settle down (insep) Behave responsibly and live in a regular way, especially when you get married. es:establecerse, sentar cabeza, asentarse

settle in (insep) (home, job, office, school, routine) Move into a new home, job, and start feeling confortable there. es:sentirse cómodo

Sex up [sex something up] Make something look more interesting or exciting. spice up es:hacer más atractivo

shake off 1 [shake something off] (cold, fever, illness, image, habbit, depression) Get rid of something. es:sacudirse de encima, librarse de

2 [shake somebody off] (the police, photographers, pursuers) Scape from somebody.

shake up 1 [shake something up] Mix something by shaking. es:mezclar

2 (department, industry, cabinet, system) Reorganize something completely.es: reorganizar

3 [shake somebody up] Be shocked. es: sacudir

shoot across/off/out/up (insep) Move fast or leave in a hurry. es: moverse con rapidez

shoot up (insep) (prices) Increase very quickly. es: aumentar muy rápido

shop around (insep) Visit different shops in order to find the cheapest price. es: comparar precios

shore up [shore something up] (building, wall, argument, case, confidence, image, support) Do something to support or make something stronger. es: apuntalar

show up (insep) Arrive. turn up es: aparecer

shut down [shut something down] (factory, plant, business, company, shop, production) Close a place permanently. close down es: cerrar

shut up 1 [shut up, shut somebody up] Stop talking. clam up es: callarse

2 [shut something up] Close a place. lock up es: cerrar

sift through [sift through something] (insep) (evidence, documents, papers, rubble, wreckage) Examine every part of something in order to find something. es: examinar

single out [single something out, single somebody out] Choose somebody from a group for special treatment. pick out es: escoger, señalar, dar un trato diferente

siphon off [siphon something off] dishonestly take money from an organization and use it for a different purpose. es: desviar, desviar fondos

sit down Move into a sitting position. es: sentarse

sit up Sit properly so that your back is straight. es: sentarse bien, sentarse derecho

skive off (insep) Spend time doing nothing, esp. avoiding work. goof off es: hacer novillos

slag off [slag somebody off] Criticize somebody, especially when they're not there. es: criticar, poner a parir

slave away Work hard continously. es: trabajar duro

slim down Lose weight. es: adelgazar

slip up (insep) Make a mistake. es: meter la pata

slow down (insep) Move or do something more slowly. es: ir más despacio

smooth over [smooth something over] (differences, difficulties, problems, things, dispute) Deal with problems or difficulties. es: resolver

snap up [snap something up] (bargain, offer) Buy something quickly before other people do, because it is cheap. es: pillar

soldier on (insep) Continue doing something even though it might be difficult. es: persistir

sort out [sort something out] Find a solution for something. es: solucionar

spark off [spark something off] (alarm, explosion, fight, war, vilence, incident, illness) When something sparks off something else, it makes it happen. set off, trigger off es: provocar

speak up 1 (insep) Speak in a louder voice. es: hablar en voz alta

2 defend (insep) Express an opinion, especially to support somebody or an idea. es: defender

spew out [spew something out] (smoke, water, lava, curses) Produce a lot of something; usually something bad. es: soltar

splash out (insep) Spend a lot of money, perhaps too much, on something. es: gastar a manos llenas

split up (insep) Finish a relationship. break up es: separarse

spruce up [spruce up, spruce somebody up] Make yourself look neat and attractive. smarten up es: acicalarse, arreglarse

squeeze in [squeeze somebody in] (insep) Have or find time to see somebody. fit in es: meter

stand by 1 (insep) Be ready for action. es: estar preparado

2 support [stand by somebody] (insep) Support somebody when they need you. es: apoyar

stand down resign (insep) Leave your job to somebody else. stand aside, step aside, step down es: dimitir

stand in for [stand in for somebody] (insep) Do somebody's job temporarily because they can't. cover for, fill in for, sit in for es: sustituir

stand out (insep) Be clearly noticeable. stick out es: destacar

stand up 1 (insep) Rise to your feet so you're not sitting or lying anymore. es: levantarse

2 [stand somebody up] Arrange to meet somebody and you don't go (usually in a romantic relationship). es: dejar plantado

start out (insep) Take the first steps or actions in a business, career or situation. es: comenzar

stave off [stave something off] (cold, crisis, hunger, effects, war) Stop something bad happening. es: evitar

stay away avoid [stay away from somebody, stay away from a place] Avoid somebody or something. es: evitar, alejarse

stay in (insep) Not go out. es: no salir

step down (insep) Leave your job to somebody else. stand down es: dimitir

step up [step something up] (efforts, production) Increase the speed or amount of something. es: aumentar

stick about/around (insep) Stay in the same place. es: quedarse

stick out (insep) Be clearly noticeable. stand out es: destacar

stir up [stir something up] (trouble, hatred, anger, opposition, discontent, dissent, violence, the past, things, memories, passions, unrest, rebellion, revolt) Cause something by your actions. es: suscitiar, provocar

stop off (insep) Interrupt your journey for a while. es: parar un momento, darse una vuelta por

stop by (insep) Pay somebody a short visit. drop by es: dejarse caer

strike up (insep) [strike up something] (conversation, friendship, relationship) Start to talk to be friendly to somebody. es: entablar

stumble across [stumble across somebody/something] Find something by chance. come across, bump into es: tropezar con

stump up (insep) Pay for something when you don't want to. cough up es: soltar, aflojar, pagar

sum up Repeat the main ideas in a few words. es: resumir

suss out [suss somebody out] Discover what somebody is really like. es: calar

sweep away 1 destroy [sweep through something] (insep) (dreams) Destroy something. es: barrer con

sweep through spread fast [sweep through, Sweep through something] (fear, fire, news, panic, waves, winds) Move quickly and with force. es: propagarse, extenderse

sweep up [sweep something up] Clean something with a groom. es: barrer

switch off 1 [switch something off] (radio, TV, engine) Make something start. turn off switch on, turn on es: apagar

2 (insep) Stop paying attention. es: desconectar

switch on [switch something on] (radio, TV, engine) Make something start. turn on switch off, turn off es: encender



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