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Lag behind (insep) When you lag behind, you move more slowly than others.
- We seem to be lagging behind the rest of the country in these new initiatives.
- Women's wages still lag behind.
Lap up [Lap something up] Accept (attention, admiration, information, praise) When you lap something up, you believe or accept it with great pleasure.
lapped up all his lies.
- She lapped up all the attention she was receiving.
- He told them
the most ridiculous story I've ever heard but they lapped it up.
Lash out [Lash out, lash out at somebody] (insep) Criticize. When you lash out or lash out at somebody, you criticize or speak to them angrily. Hit out
- He lashed out at those making accusations against
- I started to get really angry and started lashing out at people.
Lay down [Lay something down] (the law, rules, conditions, price limits,
speed limits, arms) When you lay something down, you establish what
must be done.
- The Directives lay down the hygiene
conditions under which wild game meat is to be obtained, processed and
inspected, in order to prevent food poisoning.
Lay off [Lay somebody off] Sack (workers, staff, men, employees) When
you lay somebody off, you tell a worker to leave their job because there is
no work for them to do anymore.
- The company is
not doing well. We may have to lay some of our staff off.
- Larger companies are finding they have to lay off workers to meet their profit levels.
- They will have to lay off some of their staff.
Let down [Let somebody down] Disappoint When you let somebody down, you disappoint them.
can rely on me; I'll never let you down.
relying on you to do it. You won't let us down, will you?
Let down [Let something down] (bucket, rope, plane, tyre, balloon) When
you let something down, you lower it or deflate it.
on! I'll let down a rope so that you can come up.
Let your hair down: When you let you
hair down, you relax and enjoy yourself freely.
Let in [Let somebody in] When you
let somebody in, you allow them to come into a place.
father let me in.
- Let yourself
- Lock the door and don't let anyone
Let off 1 [Let somebody off] When
you let somebody off, you give them a light punishment or no punishment at
- He was let off lightly.
- She was let off with
only a reprimand.
let you off this time if you promise not to do it again.
was lucky to be let off with only
was let off with a fine.
2 [Let something off] (gun,
rifle, bomb, fireworks, cracker, rocket, steam) When you let
something off, you fire or make something explode. Go off
- They let
off some fireworks to celebrate the occasion.
Let on [Let something on] (secret) When you let something on, you reveal a secret.
going to have a baby, but please don't let on, will you
let on that her husomebodyand was in trouble with the police.
- Don't let on about this. It must remain
Let out [Let somebody out, let something out] 1 Release When you let somebody or something out, you
release them; you allow them to leave a place, usually by unlocking the
- They're letting him out because he's been
a model prisoner.
- Did you let the dog
2 (scream, yell, sigh, cry, gasp) When
you let something out, you make a loud sound.
- She let
out a sigh of relief when she heard the news.
- Most animals let out a cry when they are wounded.
- I let out a scream and he came running.
3 (dress, skirt, trousers) When you let
clothes out, you make clothes wider.
- This skirt
is too tight. I'll have to let it out at the waist.
4 (room, house) When you let a place
out, you rent it.
- She lets out rooms to students.
Lie down (insep) When you lie down, you put your body in a flat position to rest or sleep.
- He said he was going to lie down on the sofa.
- I started feeling breathless and lay down in bed.
- He finally became so weak that he had to lie down.
1 When you light up, you start smoking.
- Lighting up is increasingly regarded as an antisocial activity.
2 When something lights something else up, it makes bright
or full of light.
- Fireworks lit up the sky in the
middle of the event, which gave the night a special touch.
Line up [Line somebody up, line something up]
When you line somebody or things up, you put people or things in a row.
you line up according to your age? The oldest should stand at the front,
and the youngest at the back.
down [Live something down] When you live something down,
you try to behave in such a way that people forget about some unpleasant
thing you did in the past.
- Jake has spent his
life trying to live down his father's reputation.
Live in (insep) When you live in, you live in the same place you work
- Live-in nanny needed for family with
15 month old girl and newborn due in February.
Live off/on 1 [Live off/on somebody/something] (insep) (interest, land, money, savings, ) When you live off/on something, that's your main source of money.
- I invested some money and now I live off the interest.
- He's living off the money he'd made from selling his ranch.
- For the past four years, our family has been living off the land.
- The documentary explores the lives of those living on benefits.
2 survive on When you live on some kind of food, you eat a lot of it.
- My husband and I could literally live on fish tacos
3 continue existing [Live on] (insep) (dream, memory) When something lives on,
it continues to exist, usually after somebody's death or some difficulty.
- Richard Branson insists space dream lives on despite Virgin Galactic crash.
- Martin Luther King's dream lives on 40 years after his death.
- His memory will live on through the many lives he touched.
Liven up [Liven something up] (party, flat, kitchen, meeting) When
you liven something up, you make it more interesting or exciting. Jazz up
party's a bit boring. But it'll soon liven up once everyone
has had a drink or two!
- If you're looking to liven up your Mondays, sign up for salsa classes.
- A good way to liven up your casual wardrobe is with a few stylish t-shirts.
Live up to [Live up to something] (expectations, reputation, name, principles,
promises, ideals) When you live up to something, you are or you do what people
expect. Match up to
- The Government has failed to live up to its promises.
- I'm just dying to know if he lives up
to his reputation.
- I think the movie
was quite good although it didn't live up to my expectations.
Log off [Log off, Log off something] When you log off or log off something, you exit a computer system.
- Before you log off, close any programs and documents you have open, ensuring that you save any changes you make.
Log on [Log on, Log on to something] When you log on or log on to something, you enter a computer system.
- When I logged on, I was asked to change my password.
Look after [Look after somebody] (insep) (children,
baby, patient) When you look after somebody, you take care of them.
- The nurses in this hospital are great. They really
look after their patients.
- One of the
most difficult jobs in the world is looking after a new baby.
Look round, look around
When you look round, you turn to look at something behind you or look
in different differections.
- She looked around
and saw him.
- I looked around the place
but I didn't see it.
Look round, look around 1 [Look round something, look around something] When you look
round a place, you visit it.
- We can look around
the castle later.
flat) When you look round for something, you go to different places
looking for it.
- Have you started looking arond for a job.
Look back When
you look back, you try to remember the past.
was ten years ago and we'ver never looked back.
Look for [Look for somebody, look for something] (insep) When you look
for somebody, you try to find them.
- I'm looking for
my keys. Have you seen them?
Look foward to
[Look forward to something].- (insep) When you look foward to something, you can't wait for
it to happen because you know you will enjoy it.
looking forward to the concert.
Look up 1 (things, business, trade) When something
is looking up, it's improving.
- I'm so glad that things are all looking up for you.
2 [Look somebody up].- When you look somebody up, you contact them and pay them a
visit after not having seen them for some time or because you happen
to be where they live.
- Do look up and see us next
time you are in the area.
- Look me up next time you are in town.
3 [Look something up] (word, number, information,
time) When you look something up, you find the information in a dictionary
or reference book.
- Can you look up this word in
- We looked it up in our records but we weren't able
to find where the ship was built.
Look up to [Look up to somebody] When you look you to somebody, you admire and respect them.
- When I was a child I always looked up to my grandparents, who were wonderful people.
Lump together [Lump something together]
When you lump things together, you put them in one group or treat them
in the same way.
- Sudan was created by lumping together different desert nations.