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Dash off 1 leave (insep) Leave in a hurry.

  • I must dash off; I'm already late.
  • He dashed off before I could talk to him.

2 write [Dash something off] (letter, note, email) Write something in a hurry.

  • Feel free to dash off an email to us at any time.

Dawn on [Dawn on somebody] Suddenly begin to understand something.

  • It dawned on me that something unusual was going on.
  • The truth finally dawned on him.

Die away (noise, sound, voice, light, breeze) Gradually become weaker until it disappears. Fade away

  • The strange noise finally died away.
  • I particularly like it at night, when the traffic dies away.

Die down (insep) (applause, gossip, rumours, wind, storm, flames, fire, pain, excitement, scandal) Become quieter or less noticeable.

  • The wind's died down at last.
  • The rumours will soon die down.
  • He offered to leave the country for a spell until the fuss had died down.

Die out (insep) (custom, tradition, habit, idea, race, species) Gradually disappear.

  • Many Indian communities are dying out.
  • The Panda is in danger of dying out.
  • Sadly this tradition died out in the early 1900s.

Dig over [Dig something over] (soil, patch, garden, flowerbed) Break the ground into smaller pieces with a spade or fork so that plants can grow.

  • He spent the morning digging over the vegetable patch.
  • When I was digging over the garden I made a strange discovery.

Dig up 1 discover [Dig something up] (scandal, the past, idea, excuse, facts, information) Search for something and find it: Rake up, dredge up

  • I have no answer for that, and I am not sure I want to dig up the past.

2 dig Remove something from the ground using a fork or spade.

  • If you dig up potatoes and the skin rubs off easily, they need more time to mature.

Dive in 1 [Dive in, dive into something] (insep) Start doing something with enthusiasm. Plunge in

  • I didn't give him a chance to continue. I just dived in with a question.
  • I have a natural curiosity to dive into things and explore.

Do away with abolish [Do away with something] (law, privilege, rule, regulations, restrictions, paperwork, tax) Get rid of something.

  • The death penalty has been done away with in many countries.
  • They should do away with all that paperwork.
  • Most countries have done away with the death penalty.

Do in exhaust [Do somebody in, do something in] (head) Make you tired or unable to deal with a situation.

  • I think it was the late hours more than the alcohol that really did me in.
  • Please help, this is doing my head in.

Do up 1 repair, decorate [Do something up](flat, building, cottage, room) Repair and decorate a place.

  • I spent a month doing up the flat and I think it's quite nice now.

2 fasten [Do something up] (button, coat, dress, trousers, zip) Fasten.

  • Her hair was done up in a neat bun at the back of her head.

Doss down  (insep) Sleep somewhere temporarily or sleep there instead of going home. Kip down

  • If you can find another blanket I'll just doss down on the sofa.

Doze off (insep) Fall into a light sleep. Drop off

  • Judy dozed off while she was watching television.

Drag on (insep) Be very slow and last longer than necessary.

  • Legal battles are agonizingly slow and costly, and the appeals process can drag on for years.

Drag up [Drag something up] (story, incident) Mention some unpleasant fact from the past. Bring up

  • This is all in the past. Why are you bringing it all up now?

Draw up 1 stop (insep) Get closer to a place and stop. Pull up

  • A convoy of buses drew up at the airport and they all climbed on board.

2 prepare [Draw something up] (list, plan, document, proposal, contract, will) Prepare something very carefully in writing.

  • The Metropolitan Police force is drawing up plans to recruit more ethnic minority officers from overseas.

Dream up [Dream something up] (explanation, idea, plot, ploy, project, scheme) Think of something unusual or foolish.

  • Look at the picture and dream up a sensational story to go with it.

Dredge up [Dredge something up] (scandal, the past, memory, old grivances, quarrel, filth, mistake, misdeeds, story) Remind somebody of unpleasant events in the past. Dig up, rake up

  • It's not good to dredge up the past.

Dress down (insep) Wear clothes less formal than the ones you usually wear. Dress up

  • Some companies allow their employees to dress down on Fridays.
  • Dressing down allows staff to be comfortable and be themselves.

Dress up (insep) Put on better clothes for a special occasion. Dress down

  • He didn't dress up for the occasion at all, wearing an orange baseball cap, baggy khakis, and an oversized black sweater.
  • They dressed the child up in her best clothes and took her to the celebration.

Droneon (insep) (meeeting, speech) Continue for too long in a monotonous, boring way.

  • The meeting droned on for another forty-five minutes.
  • The instructor droned on for nearly half an hour.
  • The speech droned on for what seemed like ages.

Drop by (insep) Pay somebody a visit. Call in, drop by, pop in, stop by

  • She dropped by for a cup of coffee.
  • She dropped by unannounced.

Drop in [Drop in on somebody] (insep) Pay somebody a short visit without warning. Call in, drop by, pop in

  • I thought I'd dropped in and say hello.
  • Drop in to see us next time you're in town.
  • Sorry I dropped in unannounced.

Drop off 1 sleep (insep) Fall asleep. Crash out, Doze off, flake out

  • The girl was so tired that she dropped off to sleep at once.
  • Ashley finally dropped off to sleep after midnight.
  • He was so tired that he dropped off to sleep immediately.

2 decrease (insep) (attendance, numbers, membership, interest, support, traffic, temperatures) Become less or fewer. Fall off

  • Attendance has dropped off over the last few months.
  • Temperatures will drop off quickly as northwest winds strengthen.

3 let passenger out [Drop somebody off] Stop the vehicle you are driving to leave a passenger there. Let off

  • Come on. I'll drop you off at your flat.
  • The bus driver dropped me off at the wrong stop.

Drum up [Drum something up] (support, enthusiasm, interest, business, trade) Make people interested in something.

  • US Defence Secretary Dick Cheney is about to go on a tour of Europe and the Middle East to drum up support for the military action.
  • They held a press conference last week to try to drum up support for their proposal.

Dry out (insep) 1 become dry (lake, river) Become completely dry.

  • Fishing was the occupation of the village until the river dried out.

2 stop drinking Stop drinking.

  • The clinic is a well-known retreat where the rich and famous go to dry out.

Dry up 1 dissapear (insep) (money, work, conversation, comissions, inspiration) Not be available anymore.

  • The money dried up when the financial crisis hit in 2008.
  • After a few minutes the conversation dried up.
  • When work began to dry up, he found himself unemployed and unsure of his future.

2 stop talking (insep) Stop talking.

  • As soon as he saw the camera he dried up.

Dumb down [Dumb something down] (language, news, test) Make something easier so that everybody can understand it.

  • They want to dumb down the test.
  • We hope that less information will make the paper more digestible—at the risk of dumbing down the news.

 

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