Home > Dictionary: Letter D
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Dash off 1 leave (insep) Leave in a hurry.
must dash off; I'm already late.
- He dashed
off before I could talk to him.
2 write [Dash something off] (letter, note, email) Write something in a hurry.
free to dash off an email to us at any time.
Dawn on [Dawn on somebody]
Suddenly begin to understand something.
dawned on me that something unusual was going on.
truth finally dawned on him.
Die away (noise, sound, voice, light, breeze) Gradually become weaker until it disappears. Fade away
- The strange noise finally died away.
- I particularly like it at night, when the traffic dies away.
Die down (insep) (applause, gossip, rumours,
wind, storm, flames, fire, pain, excitement, scandal) Become quieter or less noticeable.
wind's died down at last.
- The rumours
will soon die down.
- He offered to leave the country for a spell until the fuss had died down.
Die out (insep) (custom, tradition, habit,
idea, race, species) Gradually disappear.
- Many Indian communities are dying out.
- The Panda is in danger of dying out.
- Sadly this tradition died out in the early 1900s.
Dig over [Dig something over] (soil, patch, garden, flowerbed) Break the ground into smaller pieces with a spade
or fork so that plants can grow.
- He spent the
morning digging over the vegetable patch.
- When I was digging over the garden I made a strange discovery.
Dig up 1 discover [Dig something up] (scandal,
the past, idea, excuse, facts, information) Search for something and find it: Rake up, dredge up
- I have no answer for that, and I am not sure I want to dig up the past.
2 dig Remove something from the ground using a fork or spade.
- If you dig up potatoes and the skin rubs off easily,
they need more time to mature.
Dive in 1 [Dive in, dive into something] (insep) Start doing something with enthusiasm. Plunge
- I didn't give him a chance to continue. I just dived in with a question.
- I have a natural curiosity to dive into things and explore.
with abolish [Do away with something] (law, privilege, rule, regulations, restrictions, paperwork,
tax) Get rid of
- The death penalty has been done away with
in many countries.
- They should do away
with all that paperwork.
- Most countries have done away with the death penalty.
Do in exhaust [Do somebody in, do something in] (head) Make you tired or unable to deal with a situation.
- I think it was the late hours more than the alcohol that really did me in.
- Please help, this is doing my head in.
Do up 1 repair, decorate [Do something up](flat,
building, cottage, room) Repair and decorate
- I spent a month doing up the flat and I think
it's quite nice now.
2 fasten [Do something up] (button,
coat, dress, trousers, zip) Fasten.
- Her hair was done up in a neat bun at the back
of her head.
(insep) Sleep somewhere temporarily or
sleep there instead of going home. Kip down
- If you
can find another blanket I'll just doss down on the sofa.
Doze off (insep) Fall into a light sleep. Drop off
dozed off while she was watching television.
Drag on (insep) Be very slow and last longer than necessary.
- Legal battles are agonizingly slow and costly,
and the appeals process can drag on for years.
Drag up [Drag something up] (story, incident) Mention some unpleasant fact from the past. Bring up
is all in the past. Why are you bringing it all up now?
1 stop (insep) Get closer to a place and stop. Pull up
- A convoy of buses drew up at the airport and they
all climbed on board.
2 prepare [Draw something up] (list, plan, document, proposal,
contract, will) Prepare something very carefully
- The Metropolitan Police force is drawing
up plans to recruit more ethnic minority officers from overseas.
Dream up [Dream something up] (explanation, idea, plot, ploy, project,
scheme) Think of something unusual or foolish.
- Look at the picture and dream up a sensational story to go with it.
Dredge up [Dredge something up] (scandal, the past, memory, old
grivances, quarrel, filth, mistake, misdeeds, story) Remind somebody of unpleasant events in the past. Dig up, rake up
- It's not good to dredge up the past.
(insep) Wear clothes less formal than the ones you usually wear. Dress up
- Some companies allow their employees to dress down on Fridays.
- Dressing down allows staff to be comfortable and be themselves.
(insep) Put on better clothes for a special occasion. Dress down
- He didn't dress up for the occasion at all, wearing
an orange baseball cap, baggy khakis, and an oversized black sweater.
- They dressed the child up in her best clothes and took her to the celebration.
Droneon (insep) (meeeting, speech) Continue for too long in a monotonous, boring way.
- The meeting droned on for another forty-five minutes.
- The instructor droned on for nearly half an hour.
- The speech droned on for what seemed like ages.
Drop by (insep)
Pay somebody a visit. Call in, drop by, pop in, stop by
- She dropped by for a cup of coffee.
- She dropped by unannounced.
Drop in [Drop in on somebody] (insep)
Pay somebody a short visit without warning. Call in, drop by, pop in
thought I'd dropped in and say hello.
in to see us next time you're in town.
- Sorry I dropped in unannounced.
Drop off 1 sleep (insep)
Fall asleep. Crash out, Doze off, flake out
- The girl was
so tired that she dropped off to sleep at once.
- Ashley finally dropped off to sleep after midnight.
- He was so tired that he dropped off to sleep immediately.
2 decrease (insep) (attendance,
numbers, membership, interest, support, traffic, temperatures) Become less or fewer. Fall off
- Attendance has dropped off over the last few months.
- Temperatures will drop off quickly as northwest
3 let passenger out [Drop somebody off] Stop the vehicle you are driving to leave a passenger there. Let off
on. I'll drop you off at your flat.
- The bus driver dropped me off at the wrong stop.
Drum up [Drum something up] (support, enthusiasm, interest,
business, trade) Make people
interested in something.
- US Defence Secretary Dick Cheney
is about to go on a tour of Europe and the Middle East to drum up support
for the military action.
- They held a press conference last week to try to drum up support for their proposal.
Dry out (insep) 1 become dry (lake, river) Become completely dry.
- Fishing was the occupation of the village until the river dried out.
2 stop drinking Stop drinking.
- The clinic is a well-known retreat where the rich and famous go to dry out.
Dry up 1 dissapear (insep) (money, work, conversation, comissions, inspiration) Not be available anymore.
- The money dried up when the financial crisis hit in 2008.
- After a few minutes the conversation dried up.
- When work began to dry up, he found himself unemployed and unsure of his future.
2 stop talking (insep) Stop talking.
- As soon as he saw the camera he dried up.
Dumb down [Dumb something down]
(language, news, test) Make something easier so that everybody can understand
- They want to dumb down the test.
- We hope that less information will make the paper more digestible—at the risk of dumbing down the news.