Dictionary: letter B
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- Yesterday, he backed down on his campaign pledge to cut carbon dioxide emissions, one of the major causes of global warming.
- The company only backed down after a worldwide campaign by activists.
- British Airways has backed down from its policy of not allowing staff to wear jewellry.
back out withdraw [back out, Back out of something] (insep) (agreement, deal, arrangement, contract) Avoid doing something when you have promised to. pull out es:echarse atrás
- He backed out at the last moment.
- The company is thought to have become suspicious and backed out of the deal.
- You can't back out of the deal now -you signed your name on the contract.
- Four witnesses backed him up.
- Make sure that you have some examples to back up your arguments.
- The claims in the ad are not backed up by research.
2 Make a copy as a precaution. es:respaldar
- For more information about how to back up your data, see Help and Support Center.
- Back up your files, so that you can restore them if a virus damages them.
3 [back up, back something up] Move backwards in a vehicle. es:dar marcha atrás
- We had to back up a long way and try a different route.
- I backed the car up several hundred yards.
- He called his father to bail him out knowing that he had quite a bit of influence in the city.
2 Help somebody who is in trouble. es:rescatar
- He drew on his family name and family connections to help bail him out of failed ventures in the oil industry.
- Faced with bankruptcy, he turned to a shadowy Mafia-controlled finance company to bail him out.
- He does what he wants and ignores the consequences, usually because his parents are there to bail him out.
- He was banged up for drug dealing.
- He has been banged up for a decade now, but becomes eligible for parole this year.
- It might work, but I wouldn't bank on it.
- It's probably best not to bank on it.
- What time will you be back?
- I'll be back in a minute.
- I'm just off to see the solicitor. I should be back around lunchtime.
- She's caught the travel bug now - she's off to Barbados this year.
- Where's she off to then?
2 (insep) Be disconnected or not working. es:estar apagado
- The power was off for about 3 hours.
3 (insep) Be cancelled. es:estar cancelado
- Due to the many last minute cancellations tonight's party is off.
- He said no one had told them officially that the concert was off.
4 (insep) (milk, fish) Not be good to eat any more. go off es:estar en mal estado
- I think this milk is off.
- When is the new magazine out?
- They tried to keep it secret but the story is out now.
2 (insep) Not be at home or work. es:estar fuera
- The manager is out at the moment.
- I'm sure he's up to no good.
- I wonder what they're up to now.
2 (insep) Be doing something. es:traerse entre manos
- What have you been up to lately?
- To learn more about what she is up to, please visit her blog.
- His argument for this claim doesn't bear up under examination.
- This story doesn't bear up to the truth.
- That just doesn't bear up to the facts.
2 (insep) Stay calm despite facing difficulties. es:llevarlo
- He' bearing up well under the circumstances.
- He's bearing up extremely well.
- I have been beavering away on a project all year.
- The company has beefed up security at the facility since the robbery.
black out faint (insep) Lose consciousness. pass out come round, come to bring round, bring to es:desmayarse, desvanecerse
- I blacked out and when I woke up I was in hospital.
- I blew out the candles and we ate cake.
- The politician is keeping a low profile until the scandal blows over.
- Terrorists intended to blow up the parliament when the president was speaking there, but police foiled the plans.
2 get angry (insep) Get angry. es:calentarse, cabrearse, explotar
- I've been under a lot of pressure lately. I didn't mean to blow up like that.
- I don't understand. It's not like her to blow up over a silly little row like that.
3 exaggerate (incident, affair) Exaggerate something. es:exagerar
- The media blew up the incident.
4 fill (tyre, dinghy, balloon, airbed) Fill something with air. Pump up es:dar aire
volunteers are needed to blow up balloons and distribute posters and
balloons to all the houses early in the morning before the event.
- Don't blurt out answers without thinking.
- Every parent, at least once, has had the little darling blurt out something that was said in private that was never intended for others to hear.
- A lot of this boils down to lack of education.
- It all boils down to you and the decisions you make.
- The new manager made a big mistake when he started bossing the staff about.
- Stop bossing me around, will you?
- Gold prices appear to have bottomed out.
- The company went bankrupt, but managed to bounce back with a new management.
- I'm brassed off.
- Far-left rebels in the party have broken away to form a new party.
break down 1 (insep) (car, system, machine, talks, negotiations, marriage, argument, plan, relations) Stop working because it has a serious problem. pack up, conk out es:romperse, dejar de funcionar
- The elevators in this building are always breaking down.
- Sorry I'm late. The car broke down on the way here.
- Diplomatic relations have broken down between the two countries.
2 Lose control and start crying. Crack up es:derrumbarse
- When he told her he didn't love her anymore, she broke down.
- The police got into the house by breaking the door down.
- Thieves broke into the studio of the artist and stole around 30 paintings.
- The hackers broke into the servers of a variety of organizations.
- An unemployed programmer has been accused of breaking into a large number of US military computers.
- I'll bring my wife with me, but this is all new to her so I'll have to break her in gently.
- I've been breaking the boots in since yesterday, and except for some lower shin pressure, they haven't bothered me at all.
- I was extremely stunned when Mac and Brumby broke off their engagement.
- Riots broke out in the streets of Los Angeles.
- I was only 12 when the war broke out.
- Do you know what to do if a fire breaks out at home?
2 escape (insep) Escape. break in es:escaparse
- The two criminals broke out of prison yesterday.
- Three policemen were needed to break up the fight.
- The meeting broke up around 10 o'clock.
- In the dream, I was in a classroom, taking some sort of test, and I just breezed through it, like it was nothing.
- At last the weather brightened up!
- As the morning brightened up I decided to give the area a look.
2 [brighten something up] (day, Saturday, morning, wardrobe, life) Make something more colourful or cheerful. es:animar, embellecer
- Hair pro, Marcy Cona, shows you how to brighten up your hair with this diy kit.
- Follow these simple steps to brighten up your life and make yourself much happier.
- This bill, together with that concerning private pensions, will bring about the reform of the pension system in Romania.
- Looking at the photos brought back a lot of memories of my visit to the place.
- How much will it cost to bring in a technician?
- I need to bring in an expert for that.
2 [bring something in] (bill, law, regulation, rule, system, scheme) Introduce something. es:aprobar
- They want to bring in a law to stop car manufacturers advertising speed as one of the main attributes of new models.
- I didn't think you'd be able to bring it off.
- He's bringing out a new novel.
- Madonna has just brought out a new record.
- The publisher wants to bring out a new edition of the book soon.
2 Develop a quality. es:sacar
- We all have met people who bring out the best in us.
- Good people bring out the good in people.
- The doctor was desperately trying to bring him round.
- It isn't easy to bring up children nowadays.
- My parents brought me up to be polite.
2 [bring something up] (issue, matter, point, subject) Mention a subject or topic. come up, drag up es:mencionar, sacar
- I feel these programmes bring up issues they're too young to deal with.
- He brushed aside the controversy surrounding the substitution of the player.
brush up [brush something up, brush up on something] (English, French, subject) Study something to try and revise or improve it a little. polish up es:respasar, estudiar
- I'm looking for a short course to brush up my English before I go on holiday.
- He told me to bugger off and then stopped talking to me.
- Over the years the company built up a reputation for technological innovation.
- A little practice will soon build up your confidence.
- It is important to have a daily exercise routine to build up your muscles, weakened by a long period of illness.
- I bumped into her one evening, and she invited
me down to her place near the
- I am sorry to butt in on your conversation, but I have specific information from my own experiences on this subject.
- Even if he was just buttering her up, the compliment thrilled her.
- The reverend had to buzz off for an afternoon service, but returned about three-thirty.